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| Species in Quebec | About the data | About the text |

Although Canada is a large country with vast freshwater resources, the freshwater fish fauna is fairly depauperate, less than 200 species (there are another 800 marine species). This is probably due to the recent retreat of glaciers, only 10 000 years ago. The fish fauna of Canada is still being established. In comparison, the Great Lakes state of Ohio, which wasn't entirely glaciated, has over 170 species.

How many species are there in Quebec?

Quebec lakes and rivers contain approximately 100 species of freshwater fish. Below are listed representative species of fish from every major family found in the St. Lawrence River. For a complete list of the freshwater fishes of southern Quebec, click here.

Sea Lamprey Petromyzon marinus Photo Text Map
Longnose Gar Lepisosteus osseus Photo Text Map
Bowfin Amia calva Photo Text Map
Mooneye Hiodon tergisus Photo   Map
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus Photo Text Map
Cisco Coregonus artedii Photo Text Map
Lake Whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis Photo Text Map
Rainbow Trout Salmo gairdneri Photo   Map
Brown Trout Salmo trutta Photo    
Lake Trout Salvelinus namaycush Photo Text Map
Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis Photo Text Map
Rainbow Smelt Osmerus mordax Photo Text Map
Central Mudminnow Umbra limi Photo   Map
Northern Pike Esox lucius Photo Text Map
Muskellunge Esox masquinongy Photo   Map
Copper Redhorse Moxostoma hubbsi Photo Text Map
White Sucker Catostomus commersoni Photo Text Map
Carp Cyprinus carpio Photo Text Map
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas Photo Text  
Creek Chub Semotilus atromaculatus Photo   Map
Northern Redbelly Dace Phoxinus eos Photo Text  
Blackchin Shiner Notropis heterodon Photo   Map

Channel Catfish

Ictalurus punctatus Photo Text Map
Brown Bullhead Ictalurus nebulosus Photo Text Map
American Eel Anguilla rostrata Photo Text Map
Burbot Lota lota Photo Text Map
Banded Killifish Fundulus diaphanus Photo   Map
Brook Stickleback Culaea inconstans Photo Text Map
Trout-Perch Percopsis omiscomaycus Photo   Map
White Perch Morone americana Photo   Map
Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieui Photo Text Map
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides Photo Text Map
Pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus Photo Text Map
Rock Bass Ambloplites rupestris Photo Text Map
Black Crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus Photo   Map
Walleye Stizostedion vitreum Photo Text Map
Yellow Perch Perca fluviatilis Photo Text Map
Johnny Darter Etheostoma nigrum Photo   Map
Freshwater Drum Aplodinotus grunniens Photo   Map


About the data:

The data used to make the distribution maps was made available by the Quebec Ministère de l'Environnement et de la Faune. Currently, we have mapped the distribution of fish only in the Saint Lawrence River. In time, we hope to collect fish distribution data from all 16 regions of the province, to map province-wide distributions.

The St. Lawrence River data was collected by the Ministère between 1995 and 1997, within the framework of the St. Lawrence Action Plan - Vision 2000. The goal of this sampling effort was to collect baseline information on the diversity and distribution of fish species in the river.

About the text:

The texts on individual fish were written by Jake Vander Zanden. Images of individual fish species come from Freshwater Fishes of Canada, written by W.B. Scott and E.J. Crossman.


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